New Delhi, Dec 03: When it comes to employment and economic opportunities, Muslims face many problems like lower earnings, inferior jobs, insecurity and fewer credit options, according to the Sachar Committee's report.
Muslim workers are paid less than their counterparts from other communities owing to the nature and skill of the work they do, it said.
"While Muslim men and women have lower daily earnings than Hindus in the public sector, the difference in earnings between Hindus and Muslims is much larger than the private sector," said the report recently tabled in Parliament.
"Muslim regular workers get lower daily earnings (salary) both in public and private jobs compared to other socio-religious categories.
"A large part of the difference is likely to be due to the nature of the private sector enterprises themselves, with the Muslims being engaged in smaller and informal jobs and thereby low productivity enterprises," it said.
Terming professionals in the community to be "vulnerable", the report pointed out that Muslims have a lower representation in the managerial cadre.
It said, "Available data clearly shows that on an average, Muslim regular workers are the most vulnerable with no written contract and social security and benefits."
The participation of Muslim workers in production-related activities and transport equipment operation is much higher than in other communities.
“About 34 per cent of Muslims workers are engaged in such occupations, as against 21 per cent for all workers and about 19 per cent for Hindu workers. Importantly, this pattern prevails for both male and female workers and in rural and urban areas," it said.
The report said the committee had found "low participation" of Muslims in salaried jobs and a "relatively higher share" engaged in self-employment activities.
The participation of Muslims in security and defense- related professions (like police forces) is considerably lower than their share in population.
"Muslims' share in defence workers was found to be only four per cent while for Hindu-SCs it is 12 per cent and for Hindu-OBCs it is 23 per cent and for upper caste Hindus it is as high as 52 per cent," it said.
The report suggested more credit flow and skill development initiatives for Muslims as one of the measures to help improve the situation.
"Since a large section of Muslim workers are engaged in self-employment, skill development and credit related initiatives need to be tailored for such groups," it added.
The Sachar Committee was set up to study the socio-economic condition of Muslims and to suggest measures for the uplift of the community.