Kerala tops the Education Development Index for the country prepared by the human resource development ministry, while Bihar is at the bottom.
The EDI as an exercise will encourage the states to improve their performance, while helping them to identify the more needy districts.
The HRD ministry through the National University of Educational Planning & Administration has developed EDI to track progress of the states towards Universal Elementary Education (UEE), for primary and upper primary levels as well as for a composite look at elementary education.
The EDI will also be calculated for all the districts. It is expected that this exercise will help more effective targeting of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) to the most needy districts.
The government is already focusing on districts with substantial population of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Minorities, educationally backward districts where there are large numbers of out of school children, high gender gap and large infrastructure gaps.
The EDI is developed keeping in mind four broad parameters of access, infrastructure, teacher related indicators and outcomes.
The index takes into account 22 variables for calculating EDI.
These variables are for Access (Percentage of habitations not Served, Availability of Schools per 1000 Population), Infrastructure (Average Student-Classroom Ratio, School with Student-Classroom Ratio greater > 60, School without Drinking Water Facilities, School with Boy’s Toilet, School with Girl’s Toilet), Teachers (Percentage of Female Teachers, Pupil-Teacher Ratio, School with Pupil Teacher Ratio > 60, Single- Teacher Schools (in schools with more than 15 students), Percentage of Schools with 3 or less Teachers, Teachers without Professional Qualification), Outcomes (Gross Enrolment Ratio – Overall, Scheduled Castes : Gross Enrolment Ratio, Scheduled Tribes: Gross Enrolment Ratio, Gender Parity Index in Enrolment, Repetition Rate, Drop-out Rate, Ratio of Exit class over Class 1 Enrolment (Primary stage only), Percentage of Passed Children to Total Enrolment, Percentage of Appeared Children passing with 60 per cent and above Marks).
Kerala tops the composite EDI and Bihar is at 35th rank.
Tamil Nadu is at No. 3 and Assam at 30, Uttar Pradesh at 31, West Bengal at 32, Arunachal Pradesh at 33 and Jharkhand at 34.
Full Reports can be viewed at http://www.education.nic.in/